Peer-Reviewed Publication

A structured review of the burden of illness of generalized pustular psoriasis

The clinical, humanistic, and economic burden of generalized pustular psoriasis: a structured review

Saifuddin Kharawala, Amanda K. Golembesky, Rhonda L. Bohn, Dirk Esser


Introduction: Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is characterized by widespread erythema and edema, superficial sterile coalescing pustules, and lakes of pus. Although the impact of GPP is thought to be substantial, emerging literature on its clinical, humanistic, and economic burden has not previously been described in a structured way.

Areas covered: A structured search focused on the identification of studies in GPP using specific search terms in PubMed and EMBASE from 2005 onwards, with additional back-referencing and pragmatic searches. Outcomes of interest included clinical, humanistic, and economic burden.

Expert opinion: Despite its significant clinical, humanistic, and economic burden, GPP is poorly classified and inadequately studied. A recent European (ERASPEN) consensus classifies GPP into relapsing and persistent disease and classifies patients on the presence or absence of psoriasis vulgaris. Classification of GPP lesions involving >30% body surface area or use of hospitalization as a surrogate may be a way to identify significant flares. Given the frequency of flares, the impaired quality of life during the post-flare period, and safety/tolerability issues, it is clear that current treatment options are not sufficient. Long-term studies utilizing the European consensus statement with subclassifiers are required to supplement our current understanding of the burden of GPP.